Last month, while the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s (TRC) hearings were taking place in Vancouver, a group of artists in Kamloops was telling its own story about residential schools—through art.
Since its inception in 2008, the TRC has heard thousands of residential school survivors talk about their experiences. This MOOC took a different approach.
Less of a traditional MOOC (since there were no assignments or grades) Art + Reconciliation (rmooc) served as platform where Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants shared ideas and collaborated on artwork around the theme of reconciliation.
The course was the brainchild of a team of researchers including Dr. Ashok Mathur, the Canada Research Chair in Cultural and Artistic Inquiry at TRU and the director of the Centre for innovation in Culture and the Arts in Canada.
Mathur’s interest is in understanding how art functions within social justice environments. How do communities and cultures come together after traumatic instances?
What role does art play as an agent for change?
During the online course, the 126 participants (mostly from Canada and the U.S.) explored these issues by looking at the history of the residential school system in Canada and the purpose and outcomes of the TRC. They also discussed ways they could use art to create and increase an awareness of Indigenous practices and histories from Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal perspectives.
Twelve of the artist-participants came to Kamloops for the “Reconsidering Reconciliation” residency for one month in August. In September, they exhibited their work at the TRU Art Gallery and the FINA Art Gallery at the University of British Columbia Okanagan (Kelowna).
“One of the most powerful pieces for me was Peter Morin’s performance about hair,” says Mathur. “When children arrived at residential school, they would immediately have their hair cut short, which was both humiliating and confusing for them. A number of the artists looked at that through drumming, drawings and performance. But what stood out for me about Peter’s piece was that it incorporated other people’s energy to tell the story.”
Mathur’s biggest takeaway from rmooc is the ongoing sense of generosity it generated. He says he is now a firm believer that artistic inquiry allows people to become intimate and share. “Artistic investigation can and should be its own form of research, not just the subject of research by academic models, but the research in and of itself,” says Mathur.
The research team will present these outcomes when it meets again at the final TRC national gathering in Edmonton in the spring of 2014. Additionally, several of the residency artists will meet again next June at the Encuentro (Encounters) performance conference in Montreal.
When Ashok Mathur wanted to create a platform for unrestricted sharing and exploration, he called on U.S. digital storyteller Alan Levine. Levine designed rmooc as a syndicated resource so people could post through channels that they were already using such as Twitter, Flickr and blogs. You can read more about rmooc’s design here.
“Artistic investigation can and should be its own form of research, not just the subject of research by academic models, but the research in and of itself.” – Dr. Ashok Mathur
- Maria Hupfield’s jingle dance video performance
- Peter Morin talks about the significance of hair and how it leads to performance
- “Hair: The Performance”
- Adrian Stimson’s “Buffalo Boy Declares War on Kanata”
- Truth and Reconciliation Commission video, “Educating Our Youth”
- First Nation Education Act tops Harper government’s aboriginal agenda
- Canada in the Making: Aboriginal Residential Schools
- Centre for Innovation in Culture and the Arts in Canada
- Open Education Chat re rmooc