An excerpt from the Print-on-Demand Guide, by Lauri Aesoph
Like at UVic, the Langara College library and bookstore have a strong partnership with the goal of providing “students and instructors with a centralized place to gather course materials, whether print or digital, commercial or openly licensed.” Instructors who use OER in the classroom are asked to inform the Langara Bookstore so these items can be added to the course materials list.
Besides including open textbooks and other OER in its bookstore, Langara College is one of several post-secondary institutions in British Columbia that stocks open textbooks on its library shelves as course references. Still, not everyone agrees that college and university libraries should include printed open textbooks. The below list of considerations is a good place for libraries to begin the discussion about where they stand on this matter.
- Should a printed copy of all assigned open textbooks be added to the course reserve? If not, should a digital copy be added to the electronic reserve?
- How much of the library budget should be allocated to printing open textbooks?
- How many copies of each printed textbook should be added to the library reserve collection? What factors determine this number?
- Should the library add printed open textbooks to its reference collection for faculty considering the adoption of an OER for a course? How will these textbooks be chosen?
- Are there supplementary items that can be added to open textbooks, such as bookmarks, that explain the purpose behind using these course materials?
- Once a printed open textbook no longer meets the requirements of a course or has been revised and replaced by a newer version, what happens to the old one? Will it remain in the collection, or be donated to students or instructors? Can it be used as part of the open education advocacy work at the college, institute, or university?
Respondents to the BCcampus Print-on-Demand Survey were split on whether or not printed copies of open textbooks should be part of a post-secondary library’s collection. This is what they said.
Why printed open textbooks …
|… belong in the library|
1. Students should have as many options as possible available to them.
2. There is student demand for printed textbooks.
3. Reserve copies of all textbooks should be provided.
4. Some students prefer printed textbooks.
5. Not all students have access to a computer all the time.
6. Printed textbooks allow for student flexibility.
7. A printed reference copy can be handy for some students.
|… do not belong in the library|
1. Printed textbooks take up too much space and waste paper.
2. They are too expensive to produce, especially for small libraries with limited budgets.
3. Most textbooks do not provide enough valuable information to meet the long-term needs of a library’s main collection, though adding them to the reserve collection might be appropriate.
4. Because course materials can change from year to year, keeping older textbooks on the library shelf may not serve students well.
5. Adding a printed copy of an open textbook seems unnecessary when the online version is free.
6. If a student is able to print their own copy, then there is no need for the library to keep copies.
7. If you are dealing with online students, they aren’t necessarily going to have easy access to the institution’s library and its print resources.
Here are templates to plan and direct the library’s participation in an open textbook printing service:
- Printed open textbook decision form [Word file]
- Open textbook tracking form [Word file]
- Open textbook options for adoption [Word file]
Libraries in action
Opinions aside, several colleges and universities are choosing to include printed OER in their library stacks. In addition to Langara College, other examples are listed below.
Debra Flewelling, Open Education & Emerging Technologies Librarian at Douglas College, says that, in the past, her department would buy bound copies of select open textbooks so faculty could assess them as they considered adopting an open educational resource. If an instructor chose to use an open textbook, a printed copy was placed in the library’s course reserve.
“What’s changing our practice these days,” adds Flewelling, “is that some of our faculty have moved beyond adoption to adaptation. We’re now experimenting with printing and Cerlox-binding textbooks in our printshop in order to include open textbooks in our course reserves.”
University of British Columbia (UBC)
The UBC Library houses several Open Collections, including UBC publications and theses and dissertations by its students. cIRcle, UBC’s open access digital repository, contains published and unpublished materials authored by UBC staff, faculty, students, and its partners and the surrounding community.
Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU)
At KPU, the library does not automatically put required open textbooks on reserve. Instead, it allows each faculty member to decide whether their adopted textbooks should be placed there.
“We also leave it up to the student whether they would like to use the online or print copy of a required open textbook,” says Caroline Daniels, Librarian at KPU. “We have made print-on-demand (PoD) services available in a number of ways in hopes of accommodating all the different scenarios that may arise. While faculty can make arrangements in advance with the KPU bookstore to make printed books available to students within their courses, the library can also help students obtain print copies of open textbooks for any of their courses for the price of printing.”
This is done, explains Daniels, either through KPU’s print services or, for books in the B.C. Open Textbook Collection, through SFU Document Solutions (see Appendix B). KPU has made a special arrangement with SFU whereby print-on-demand open textbooks are delivered at no charge to a KPU campus through B.C.’s post-secondary interlibrary loan service.
“In the end,” says Daniels, “we try to think of what suits the student best.”
Donating Open Textbooks to the Library
Instructors who apply to review a book from the B.C. Open Textbook Collection are offered a printed copy to reference during the evaluation process. Once the review has been completed, BCcampus sends an email to the reviewer with this suggestion:
If you don’t intend to keep your print copy, we ask that you consider donating it to your institution’s library.
- “Contact Us,” Open Education Research Guide, Langara College Library, last modified June 18, 2020, https://langara.libguides.com/open-education/contact-us. ↵
- BCcampus Open Education Print-on-Demand Guide: Bookstore
- BCcampus Open Education Print-on-Demand Guide: Printshop